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(a) PURPOSES- The purposes of this subpart are as follows:

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(1) To support local efforts to enhance the early language, literacy, and prereading development of preschool age children, particularly those from low-income families, through strategies and professional development that are based on scientifically based reading research.

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(2) To provide preschool age children with cognitive learning opportunities in high-quality language and literature-rich environments, so that the children can attain the fundamental knowledge and skills necessary for optimal reading development in kindergarten and beyond.

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(3) To demonstrate language and literacy activities based on scientifically based reading research that supports the age-appropriate development of —

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(A) recognition, leading to automatic recognition, of letters of the alphabet;

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(B) knowledge of letter sounds, the blending of sounds, and the use of increasingly complex vocabulary;

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(C) an understanding that written language is composed of phonemes and letters each representing one or more speech sounds that in combination make up syllables, words, and sentences;

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(D) spoken language, including vocabulary and oral comprehension abilities; and

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(E) knowledge of the purposes and conventions of print.

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(4) To use screening assessments to effectively identify preschool age children who may be at risk for reading failure.

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(5) To integrate such scientific reading research-based instructional materials and literacy activities with existing programs of preschools, child care agencies and programs, Head Start centers, and family literacy services.

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(b) DEFINITIONS- For purposes of this subpart:

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(1) ELIGIBLE APPLICANT- The term eligible applicant means —

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(A) one or more local educational agencies that are eligible to receive a subgrant under subpart 1;

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(B) one or more public or private organizations or agencies, acting on behalf of one or more programs that serve preschool age children (such as a program at a Head Start center, a child care program, or a family literacy program), which organizations or agencies shall be located in a community served by a local educational agency described in subparagraph (A); or

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(C) one or more local educational agencies described in subparagraph (A) in collaboration with one or more organizations or agencies described in subparagraph (B).

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(2) SCIENTIFICALLY BASED READING RESEARCH- The term scientifically based reading research has the same meaning given to that term in section 1208.

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(3) SCREENING READING ASSESSMENT- The term screening reading assessment has the same meaning given to that term in section 1208.